responsibility, moral


responsibility, moral
   One has the moral responsibility to perform certain actions (such as worshipping God) and to avoid others (such as idolatry and murder). Furthermore, one is worthy of moral blame if one does not do what one should or does what one should not. Christian philosophers debate over the origin of this moral responsibility: is it solely from God, or does God also have a responsibility to a morality outside himself? Another area of debate is over whether moral responsibility is compatible with determinism, that is, over whether one needs to have freedom (understood as per libertarianism) in order to be morally responsible. A special case is the sin of Adam and Eve; many Christians believe that our moral responsibility is in some way related to this (for example, by their sin's being imputed to our moral accounts), and there is vigorous debate over how this fits in with our best theories of morality. Another special case is the debate over whether Jesus took moral responsibility for our sins in the atonement.
   Further reading: Beld 2000; Fischer 1986; Lucas 1993; Swinburne 1989a

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

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